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STROKE & TIA'S

IS IT A STROKE ?

It can be hard for those without first-aid or medical training to spot a stroke or distinguish between a heart attack.

Learn which signs indicate a stroke

Do the fast test

The symptoms associated with TIA's or Minor Strokes are the same as for Major Strokes, but they may only last for a few minutes. They include any one or a combination of the following effects: Sudden numbness or a weakness in the face, arms or legs, especially on one side of the body, along with sudden trouble in speaking or understanding

TYPES OF STROKE

Ischaemic Stroke

The most common form of stroke. Caused by a clot causing the narrowing or blocking of blood vessels preventing blood from reaching particular areas of the Brain. This leads to the brain cells dying due to lack of oxygen.

Haemorrhagic Stroke

This type of stroke occurs when a weakened blood vessel in the brain bursts causing the vessel to bleed into the brain and cause damage

Transient Iscaemic Attack (Mini-Stroke).

These are similar to the previous strokes and have the same signs, but usually improve and get better over a 24 hour period. But these can often be a warning sign of an impending more serious stroke and it is vital to receive the same F.A.S.T. action.

WHAT IS A STROKE ?

Credit to:  HealthSketch

WHAT SHOULD I DO ?

STROKES AND TIA's CAN HAPPEN TO ALL AGES


DO

Sit them down and make the person comfortable.

Immediately Dial 999

Re-assure and ensure complete rest until the Ambulance arrives.

Keep warm but make sure they do not overheat.

Stay with them.

If someone else with you, pack them a small overnight bag including

Medications. Pyjamas; Underwear; Slippers; Washing kit and clothes to return home with.

 

DO NOT

Leave alone.

Give them any drinks or food as swallowing may prove difficult and increase risk of choking.

Keep asking them questions, they may have difficulty speaking and the frustration of not being understood will increase stress and anxiety levels further.


Below are videos and information on how to help someone who is having a stroke.

WHAT TO DO IF SOMEONE HAS A STROKE OR TIA

Credit to:  St. John Ambulance

WARNING
USE VIEWER DISCRETION

This video was shared by a stroke victim and his grandson in the hope it will help others.

the video shows a stroke actually happening whilst he is driving a car. Luckily the driver realised something was amiss and managed to stop the car quickly and prevented an accident.

STROKE SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT DRILL

Credit to:  Fransciscan Health

ANOTHER WAY TO REMEMBER THE SIGNS

Remember the first 3 letters of the word Stroke.

S - Smile Ask them to Smile

T - Talk Ask them to Talk

R - Raise Ask them to Raise both arms and hold them up

Another way to spot a stroke is to ask them to stick out tongue. Look to see if it hangs to one side or looks crooked.

Nuerologists prefer to use the accronym F.A.S.T

Replacing the word Smile with Facial Weakness, as sometimes the patient is able to smile when asked. Signs of Facial weakness can be a droopy or twitching eyelid; turned down corner of mouth; numbness or pins and needles; crooked tongue or even dribbling from one side of mouth.

ONE MONTH BEFORE A STROKE THERE MAY BE THESE SIGNS

Credit to:  Life Well Lived

6 Warning Signs a Stroke Is Coming

Credit to:  BRIGHT SIDE

TEEN STROKE SURVIVORS

Credit to: American Heart Association

STROKE AT 16 - JORDAN'S STORY

Credit to:  Memorial Hermann

LIFE AFTER A STROKE

Credit to: Attitude

LEARNING FIRST AID

Many of us are now taught First-Aid as a requirement for work, and it is law to have a qualified first-aider in any office, factory or workspace that has more than five persons. 

But as parents we should learn first-aid in case something happens to our children at home, on way to and from school or at the park.

Basic and advanced courses are cheap and regularly run by both the St. John Ambulance and the Red Cross.  (see buttons below)

Everyone should learn basic first-aid, it could save a life !

10 First Aid Mistakes Explained by a Professional 

Credit to:  BRIGHT SIDE

WHEN IT IS NOT LIFE THREATENING

The new telephone number for NHS Direct Wales and Shropdoc GP out of hours services.